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Sleep Problems

Literature Cited:

1 Owens JA, Spirito A, McGuinn M, Nobile C. Sleep habits and sleep disturbance in elementary school-aged children. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 21(1):27-36, 2000.

2 Owens J, Maxim R, et al. Television-viewing habits and sleep disturbance in school children. Pediatrics [electronic article]. 104(3):e27, 1999. Available at URL: Accessed August 13, 2003.

3 Thompson DA, Christakis DA. The association between television viewing and irregular sleep schedules among children less than 3 years of age. Pediatrics. 2005 Oct;116(4):851-6.

4 Van den Bulck J. Television viewing, computer game playing, and Internet use and self-reported time to bed and time out of bed in secondary-school children. Sleep. 2004 Feb 1;27(1):101-4.

5 Fallone G, Acebo C, Seifer R, Carskadon MA. Experimental restriction of sleep opportunity in children: effects on teacher ratings.  Sleep. 2005 Dec 1;28(12):1498-9.

6 Valent F, Brusaferro S, and Barbone F. A case-crossover study of sleep and childhood injury. Pediatrics [electronic article] 107(2):e23, 2001. Available at: URL: Accessed August 14, 2003.

7 Owens JA, Fernando S, Mc Guinn M. Sleep disturbance and injury risk in young children. Behav Sleep Med. 2005;3(1):18-31.

8 Willinger M, Ko CW, Hoffman HJ, Kessler RC, Corwin MJ; National Infant Sleep Position study. Trends in infant bed sharing in the United States, 1993-2000: the National Infant Sleep Position study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003 Jan;157(1):43-9.

9 Okami P, Weisner T, Olmstead R. Outcome correlates of parent-child bedsharing: an eighteen-year longitudinal study. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 23(4):244-53, 2002.

10 Smits MG, Nagtegaal EE, et al. Melatonin for chronic sleep onset insomnia in children: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. J Child Neurol. 16(2):86-92, 2001.

11 Dodge NN, Wilson GA. Melatonin for treatment of sleep disorders in children with developmental disabilities. J Child Neurol. 16(8):581-4, 2001.

12 Pavonen EJ, Nieminen-VanWendt T, et al. Effectiveness of Melatonin in the treatment of sleep disturbances in children with Asperger disorder. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 13(1):83-95, 2003.

13 Ross C, Davies P, Whitehouse, W. Melatonin treatment for sleep disorders in children with neurodevelopmental disorders: an observational study. Dev Med Child Neurol. 44(5):339-44, 2002

Written and compiled by Kyla Boyse, R.N.  Reviewed by faculty and staff at the University of Michigan

Updated June 2009

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