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Lead Poisoning

Literature Cited:

[1] Canfield, RL, et al, “Intellectual Impairment in Children with Blood Lead Concentrations below 10 ug per Deciliter,” NEJM, Volume 348:1517-1526, April 17, 2003.

[2] Rogan, WJ and Ware, JH, “Exposure to Lead in Children---How Low Is Low Enough?,” NEJM, Volume 348:1515-1516, April 17, 2003.

[3] Lanphear BP, Hornung R, Khoury J, Yolton K, Baghurst P, Bellinger DC, Canfield RL, Dietrich KN, Bornschein R, Greene T, Rothenberg SJ, Needleman HL, Schnaas L, Wasserman G, Graziano J, Roberts R. Low-level environmental lead exposure and children's intellectual function: an international pooled analysis.  Environ Health Perspect. 2005 Jul;113(7):894-9.

[4] American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Environmental Health. Lead exposure in children: prevention, detection, and management. Pediatrics. 2005 Oct;116(4):1036-46.

[5] American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Environmental Health. 2005.

[6] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.  Lead in paint, dust, and soil:  basic information.  Last updated 3 March 2006.  Available from:  Accessed 21 April 2008.

Written and compiled by Kyla Boyse, R.N.  Reviewed by Sharon Swindell, M.D., M.P.H.
Updated October 2009

U-M Health System Related Sites:
Department of Psychiatry
U-M Pediatrics

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