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Kellogg Project Bibliography

Articles (National Focus)                                                   

A
Albert, Bernard L. "The Formation of the First Black Medical Society." Letter. Journal of the American Medical Association 255 (1986): 613.

B
Barber, Jesse B. "Statement of the National Medical Association to the Select Committee on Aging and Congressional Black Caucus Brain Trust on Aging at the Hearing on Needs of the Minority Elderly." Journal of the National Medical Association 71 (1979): 745-746.

Bryan, Charles S. "Black Physicians, South Carolina Medicine, and the SCMA." Editorial. Journal of the South Carolina Medical Association 84 (1988): 260-261.

C
Cobb, W. Montague. "The Black American in Medicine." Journal of the National Medical Association 73 (1981): 1185-1244.

---. "The Door That Opened Wide." Journal of the National Medical Association 79 (1987): 649-650.

---. "Have We Sighted Beulah Land?" Journal of the National Medical Association 82 (1990): 359-365, 369.

---. "Lest We Forget." Journal of the National Medical Association 83 (1991): 831-834.

---. "Percy Lavon Julian, Ph.D., Sc.D., LL.D., L.H.D., 1899-?" Journal of the National Medical Association 63 (1971): 143-150.

---. "The Present Socioeconomic/Cultural Climate and Minority Medical Participation." Journal of the National Medical Association 81 (1989): 434-435.

---. "Tuskegee Syphilis Study." Journal of the National Medical Association 65 (1973): 345-348.

D
Douglass, Melvin I. "The Legacy of William Montague Cobb, MD, PhD (1904-1990)." Journal of the National Medical Association 84 (1992): 885-887.

E
Eaton, Hubert A. "Views of North Carolina Negro Physicians on Medical Assistance For the Aged." Journal of the National Medical Association 57 (1965): 166-167.

Epps, Howard Robert. "Three Great Living Physicians." Journal of the American Medical Association 261 (1989): 1976-1978.

"Equal Rights, Privileges and Responsibilities." Editorial. New England Journal of Medicine 278 (1968): 215-216.

G
Gunther, Lenworth. "Black Health: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow." Crisis 87 (1980) 546-548.

H
Haller, John. "The Physician Versus the Negro: Medical and Anthropological Concepts of Race in the Late Nineteenth Century." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 44 (1970): 154-167.

Halperin, Edward C. "Desegregation of Hospitals and Medical Societies in North Carolina." New England Journal of Medicine 318 (1988): 58-63.

Hansen, Axel C. "Black Americans in Medicine." Journal of the National Medical Association 76 (1984): 693-695.

Haynes, M. Alfred. "The Distribution of Black Physicians in the United States, 1967." Journal of the National Medical Association 61 (1969): 470-473.

---. "Distribution of Black Physicians in the United States, 1967." Journal of the American Medical Association 210 (1969): 93-95.

---. "Problems Facing the Negro in Medicine Today." Journal of the American Medical Association 209 (1969): 1067-1069.

L
Lawrence, Leonard E. "Health-Care Reform and the Urban Condition." Journal of the National Medical Association 86 (1994): 100-102.

N
Nickens, Herbert W. "A Case of Professional Exclusion in 1870. The Formation of the First Black Medical Society." Journal of the American Medical Association 253 (1985): 2549-2552.

O
Organ, Claude H., Jr., and Margaret M. Kosiba. "A Century of Black Surgeons: The U.S.A. Experience." Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Science 43 (1988): 325-326.

P
Pinn-Wiggins, Vivian W. "Diversity in Medical Education and Health Care Access: After the '80s, What?" Journal of the National Medical Association 82 (1990): 89-92.

---. "Recognition of the Plight of Minorities in the Educational Process and Health Care System." Journal of the National Medical Association 82 (1990): 333-335.

R
Rankin-Hill, Lesley M. and Michael L. Blakey. "William Montague Cobb (1904-1990): Obituary." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 92 (1993): 545-548.

Rann, Emery L. "Why NMA? President's Retiring Address." Journal of the National Medical Association 66 (1974): 435-439.

Rice, Mitchell F. "On Assessing Black Health Status: A Historical Overview." Urban League Review 9.2 (1985-1986): 6-12.

---. "The Urban Public Hospital: Its Importance to the Black Community." Urban League Review 9.2 (1985-1986): 64-70.

S
Sasao, Toshiaki, and Staley Sue. "Toward A Culturally Anchored Ecological Framework of Research in Ethnic-Cultural Communities." American Journal of Community Psychology 21 (1993): 705-727.

Schwarz, G. E. "Educational Characteristics of Members of the National Medical Association." Journal of Medical Education 46 (1971): 599-604.

Shaffner, Louis deS. "Racial Integration in the North Carolina Medical Society." North Carolina Medical Journal 51 (1990): 43-46.

Snow, Loudell F. "Folk Medical Beliefs and Their Implications for Care of Patients." Annals of Internal Medicine 81 (1974): 82-96.

---. "High Blood Is Not High Blood Pressure." Urban Health 6 (1976): 54-55.

---. "Traditional Health Beliefs and Practices Among Lower Class Black Americans." The Western Journal of Medicine 139 (1983): 820-828.

Spady, James G. "Dr. W. Montague Cobb: Anatomist, Physician, Physical Anthropologist, Editor Emeritus of the Journal of the National Medical Association, and the First Black President of NAACP." Journal of the National Medical Association 76 (1984): 739-744.

Swan, Lionel F. "The Exigencies of the American Environment, 1967." Journal of the National Medical Association 59 (1967): 373-377.

---. "Meeting the Challenges of Medicine Today." Journal of the National Medical Association 60 (1968): 424-426, 431.

T
Thompson, Lisa E. "Two Strikes: The Role of Black Women in Medicine Before 1920." The Pharos Winter 1995: 12-15.

W
Westbrooks, Bobby. "The Missing Element." Today's Chiropractic March/April 1983: 56-59.

---. "The Troubled Legacy of Harvey Lilard: The Black Experience in Chiropractic." Chiropractic History 2.1 (1982): 47-53.

"What God Hath Wrought." Editorial. Journal of the National Medical Association 60 (1968): 518-521.

Articles (Detroit and Michigan Focus)                                                   

B
Bailey, Eric J. "Health Care Use Patterns Among Detroit African Americans: 1910-1939." Journal of the National Medical Association 82 (1990): 721-723.

---. "Hypertension: An Analysis of Detroit African American Health Care Treatment Patterns." Human Organization 50 (1991): 287-296.

---. "Sociocultural Factors and Health Care-Seeking Behavior Among Black Americans." Journal of the National Medical Association 79 (1987): 389-392.

Berkholz, David. "Southwest Detroit Hospital Creates a Multihospital System." Modern Health Care 15.3 (1985): 26-28, 31.

C
Cobb, W. Montague. "Kirwood General Hospital, Detroit, Michigan." Journal of the National Medical Association 61 (1969): 446-448.

Corsa, Leslie, Jr., J. Y. Peng, John Y. Takeshita, and Goldy Kleinman. "Evaluating Publicly Supported Family Planning Services in Metropolitan Detroit." Family Planning Perspectives 3.2 (1971): 25-28.

D
"Detroit Medical Center Rehabilitation Project." Journal of the National Medical Association 52 (1960): 217-218.

Detroit Medical News 87.34 (1997).

"Detroit NAACP Opposes New Segregated Hospital." Journal of the National Medical Association 48 (1956): 209.

"Detroit Reports on Racial Factors in Health Areas." Journal of the National Medical Association 48 (1956): 358-360.

E
Ellison, Robert. "The Wolverine Dental Society: Celebration at Sixty." Journal of the Michigan Dental Association 77.3 (1995): 34-38.

F
Friedman, E. "Private Black Hospitals: A Long Tradition Faces Change." Hospitals 55.13 (1981): 65-68.

G
Geib, Alice May. "Accomplishments in Public Health and Preventive Medicine by the State and County Medical Societies in the State of Michigan, 1933-1934." Unpublished Master's Thesis, 1934.

Greve, Clifford Herman. "A Survey of the Health Practices of Several Michigan Cities." Unpublished Master's Thesis, 1937.

H
Harris, Joseph B. "Michigan's Black Dental Heritage." Journal of the Michigan Dental Association 74 (1992): 28-34.

HealthQuest: The Publication of Black Wellness, Black History Special 4.12 (1996).

Henderson, Allison B., and Lionel F. Swan. "Negro Physicians in Michigan." Journal of the National Medical Association 61 (1969): 448-452.

L
Lackey, Lawrence, and Lionel F. Swan. "The Detroit Medical Society and Community Activities." Journal of the National Medical Association 55 (1963): 485-487.

P
Proctor, Leonard D. "Improvement of Human Relations at Herman Kiefer Hospital in Detroit, Mich." Journal of the National Medical Association 51 (1959): 400-401.

R
Reece, S. "Detroit Medical Society: Voice of Black Physicians." Michigan Medicine 79 (1980): 326-327.

Rice, Mitchell F. "The Urban Public Hospital: Its Importance to the Black Community." Urban League Review 9.2 (1985-1986): 64-70.

Rymiszewski, Leonard R. "A Study of Detroit Memorial Hospital's Past History, Present Progress and Future Plans with a View Toward Becoming a More Active Participant in an Emerging Wayne State University Medical Center." Unpublished Master's Thesis, 1960.

S
Sandrick, K. "Standing Together in Detroit." American Medical News 24 (Mar. 1981): suppl 9-10.

"The Sidney A. Sumby Memorial Hospital, River Rouge, Michigan." Journal of the National Medical Association 52 (1960): 62-63.

Silver, Norma G. "The Detroit Interracial Hospital: A Community Organization Project in Public Health." Unpublished Master's Thesis, 1947.

Steneck, Nicholas H. "Early Diversity in the Health Sciences at the University of Michigan." Retrospectives. Newsletter. Fall, 1992.

T
"The Third Detroit Convention." Editorial. Journal of the National Medical Association 52 (1960): 53-54.

Thompson, W. Arthur and Robert Greenridge. "The Negro in Medicine in Detroit." Journal of the National Medical Association 55 (1963): 475-479.

V
Van Duser, Arthur L. "Tuberculosis in the Negro: A Comparison of the Negro of Detroit with the White." Unpublished Master's Thesis, 1947.

W
Watson, George W. "The Mental Hygiene Problem of the Negro Race as It Exists Today in Certain of Our Larger Industrial Centers: Special Emphasis on Wayne County, Michigan." Unpublished Dissertation, 1936.

Wesley, Nathaniel, Jr. "Black Hospitals Listing and Selected Commentary: Searching for Survival." Hospitals 57.16 (1983): 82.

---. "Dilemma of the Black Community Hospital." Urban Health (Nov. 1984).

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NOTE: This bibliography updates and replaces a 1995 bibliography created by Nicholas Scalera and Tylitha Stewart, with electronic version by Renee McKinney.