Sidney B. Jenkins
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Sidney B. Jenkins


Wayne County General Hospital

Sidney B. Jenkins

Dr. Sidney Jenkins is a native of York, South Carolina where he was born on December 29, 1926. He graduated in 1944 from Somerville High School in Somerville, New Jersey. He completed his undergraduate studies at Temple University in Philadelphia in 1947. His medical degree was earned at Howard University College of Medicine in Washington, D.C. in 1951.

The following year, he served an internship at the Jersey City Medical Center in New Jersey. Dr. Jenkins began a psychiatric residency in 1952 at the Veterans Administration Hospital in Lyons, New Jersey. He continued his training for two more years in the psychiatric residency program of Wayne County General Hospital in Eloise, Michigan.

Dr. Jenkins was assistant psychiatrist at Wayne County General Hospital for one year, beginning in 1955. He began a two-year tour of duty in the Army in 1956 and returned to Detroit to practice in 1958 fully board certified. At that point, he became director of the male psychiatric department and acting director of education and research in the psychiatric division of Wayne County General Hospital.

Dr. Jenkins also began his appointment on the psychiatric faculty of the Wayne State University School of Medicine at this time. In 1963, Dr. Jenkins became director of the Wayne County General Hospital Psychiatric Division. His faculty appointment at the University of Michigan Medical School began in 1970, as well as his becoming the medical superintendent of the Detroit Mental Health and Drug Treatment Center.

Dr. Jenkins has maintained memberships in the Wayne County Medical Society, Michigan Society of Psychiatry and Neurology, American Medical Association, Detroit Medical Society, and Michigan Association of Neuropsychiatric Hospital and Clinic Physicians. He is a Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association. In addition, Dr. Jenkins is a life member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

Tape recorded interview;
Detroit, MI
9 July  1998
audio clip

(Nationwide the Mental Health Act authorized the construction of mental health centers in 1,500 communities with populations between 75,000 - 200,000. The ultimate goal was to blanket the country with 1,500 of these centers. Detroit followed suit by establishing a number of these community centers. The following quote from Dr. Sidney Jenkins indicates the involvement of an African American proprietary hospital in the establishment of one of the community mental health centers.)

“We felt that with Kirwood Hospital that many times we were doing something very unique, particularly as far as the hospital being in the forefront of setting up a mental health unit and setting up a drug unit. Actually, Dr. Saulsberry had used his political connections to get a community mental health center. Kirwood Mental Health Center was set up, which wasn't a part of Kirwood [Hospital], but was in the community mental health system.”


William G. Anderson
Reginald P. Ayala
Arthur W Boddie
Wilma Brakefield-Caldwell
Henry C. Bryant Jr.
Alice Burton
Waldo L. Cain
James W. Collins
Claude and Vivienne Cooper
Gladys B. Dillard
George Gaines Jr.
Leon Gant
Herman J. Glass Sr.
Della Goodwin
Joseph B. Harris
Frank P. Iacobell
Horace L. Jefferson
Sidney B. Jenkins
Arthur Johnson
Rachel B. Keith
William E. Lawson
Josephine Love
Hayward Maben Jr.
Berna C. Mason
Suesetta T. McCree
Dorothy Mottley
David C. Northcross Jr.
Ophelia B. Northcross
Marjorie Peebles-Meyers
Frank P. Raiford III
Garther Roberson Jr.
S. L. Roberson
Elsie Smith
Fannie L. Starks
Lionel F. Swan
Natalia M. Tanner
Oretta Mae Todd
I. Clara Webb
Charles F. Whitten
Charles H. Wright
Watson Young


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Copyright , Kellogg African American Health Care Project, 2000.
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